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U.P. Shwets

Aggressive Foreign Policy of the Emperor Nicholas II: It’s Cause and Effect

About a hundred years have passed since the February Revolution in Russia in 1917 when the overthrow of the autocracy and the removal of Nicholas II from power took place. During this time all basic forms of society management were tested, from totalitarianism to democracy, but still a political system suitable for the whole county has never been found. Lately the arguments resumed about whether the overthrow of the autocracy was an objectively inevitable event or it happened due to some random and subjective reasons. In the first place the wrong policy of Nicholas II which led to the fact that balanced foreign policy of the Emperor Alexander III, who advocated for a peaceful conflict settlement, was changed by really aggressive foreign policy which inevitably led Russia to war. Thus the most optimal for Russia, as a civilization of the Eastern type, peaceful foreign policy aimed at undertaking of socio economic reforms promoting the raising of the country population living standards was never fulfilled. The failure of Russia in World War I of 1914-1918 provoked the February Revolution. The overthrow of the autocracy in Russia was not an objectively inevitable event but was a result of the wrong policy of Nicholas II the gist of which was the refusal to carry on the necessary socio-economic transformations in the country, and the intention to divert attention of Russian society from home problems resolution by means of aggressive foreign policy.

DOI 10.14258/izvasu(2015)4.1-47

Key words: civilization of the Eastern type, catch-up type of development, civilization of the Western type, linear type of development, foreign policy

Full text at PDF, 626Kb. Language: Russian.

Polzunov Altai State Technical University (Barnaul, Russia)
E-mail: UPShwets@yandex.ru


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