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Izvestiya of Altai State
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A.V. Kandyba, A.G. Rybalko

New Data about Middle Paleolith of Dagestan (Based on the Site Darvagchay-Pit-2)

This article is devoted to the research of the Middle Paleolithic lifting complexes from the new monument Darvagchay-Pit-2, the materials of which relate to the final stage of Middle Paleolith and complements the factual material of cultural and chronological range in the North-East Caucasus. Stone tools are characterized by the Levallois technique of splitting and typical Middle Paleolithic toolkit. Dominated by medium-sized products, artifacts made of monotonous raw materials have the same degree of preservation of the surface and made in the same technical tradition. The technical and typological characteristics of the material allow one to correlate the obtained material with previously known stratified complexes dating to Middle Paleolith: Darvagchay-Bay-1 and Tinit-1. These studies of the Middle period allow researchers to approach to solving the problem of the emergence and development of a human of modern physical type. It makes possible not only to reconstruct the cultural-historical process in the area in the Pleistocene, but to solve the problems of the contents and adjustments the boundaries of cultural and historical Paleolithic eras of the Caucasus and the Aral-Caspian basin as a whole.

DOI 10.14258/izvasu(2015)4.1-21

Key words: North-East Caucasus, Middle Paleolithic, Levallois knapping, Neopleistocene

Full text at PDF, 1070Kb. Language: Russian.

Altai State University (Barnaul, Russia)
E-mail: arhkandyba@gmail.com

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk, Russia)
E-mail: rybalko@archaeology.nsc.ru


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