K.Yu. Kiryushin, M.M. Silantyeva, S.M. Sitnikov, V.P. Semibratov, M.Yu. Solomonova, N.Yu. Speranskaya
Complex Arheo-botanical and Phytolith Research in the Settlement Novoilinka-3 (North Kulunda)
The bones of animals from the settlement Novoilinka-III provided a series of radiocarbon dates that allows the materials to be dated to the middle - the 2nd half of the third millennium BC. Calibration of these dates by nearly a thousand years increases the ancientness of the monuments cultural layer.
According to the phytolith analysis, it can be assumed that the settlement during its existence was situated on the edge of a pine forest. The analysis of the distribution of phytoliths allows to reconstruct the landscape that was differed from the modern one - pine or birch-pine forest. Such settlements were characteristic of the Eneolithic cultures of the Ural-Irtysh interfluve.
Key words: archaeology, botany, mikrobiomorfnye study, phytoliths.