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Yu.A. Alyabysheva, A.A. Veryaev

Pedagogical Constructivism and Subject Content as Basis of Typology and Structuring in Learning Activities

The paper attempts to give a general didactic classification of the training activities of the teacher and the learners using the interactive whiteboard.The introduced classification has enough potential to be generalized and considered for any educational activity related to studying the development of information models. The classification is based on the generalized representation of the texts dealt with by the trainees (students) and teachers, and especially the use of a variety of sign systems used to create texts. The key point is the process of generating texts with the elements that after U.V Gromyko can be called constructives, and further evaluation of texts, their comprehension and assimilation of the filters through which the potential number of possible texts is reduced to a certain set, generates a comforting “image of the world” (A.N. Leontiev). The proposed activities can be seen and identified not only in the course of work at the blackboard, but also at work in the classroom and beyond. The classification is of the general, didactic but not specific subject character, although it is based on a variety of subject content and manipulates it (read, abstracted, reproduced, forming of new concepts, etc.). The variety of sign systems used for teaching and learning, the need to implement interdisciplinary connections, to achieve metasubject results generates a very important activity, which may be called the translation of texts from one language to another (for example, verbal description of a piece of music, dance and costume consideration from the point of physics, biology, etc.).

DOI 10.14258/izvasu(2015)3.1-02

Key words: educational activity, training, teaching, pedagogical constructivism, sign systems, constructs, texts, virtual and constant realities, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, constructivist filters

Full text at PDF, 444Kb. Language: Russian.

Altai State University (Barnaul, Russia)
E-mail: julaver@rambler.ru

Altai State University (Barnaul, Russia)
E-mail: veryaev_aa@mail.ru


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