V.V. Gorbunov, A.A. Tishkin, A.L. Kungurov
Settlements of Srostki Culture in Forest-Steppe Altai: Identification Signs
The article deals with the settlements sites investigated in the south of Western Siberia (within the territory of Forest-Steppe Altai) and dated in chronological framework from the end of the early Middle Ages up to the beginning of developed Middle Ages. A comparative analysis is given to the characteristic features of the pottery from Srostki culture burials in the second half of the 8th — 12th centuries BC with settlement ceramics. On this basis, we distinguish the representative series of monuments (settlements, towns, location) which contain ceramics with typical Srostki features: a trapezoidal body of the vessel, a short neck, a strongly curved outwards coronet rim, pectinated stamp with triangular teeth, the composition of horizontal belts with adjacent scallops. In addition to pottery, several sites contain some metal objects of the Srostki type. The article maps the Srostki type settlements, indicates the characteristics of their location on the ground, gives the description of the excavated housing construction, plans their chronology and periodization within the framework of the scheme developed on funerary complexes materials. The conclusion is made on the relevance of further purposeful study of the Srostki culture settlements.
Key words: forest-steppe of Altai, Middle Ages, settlement, pottery, shape, pattern, composition, topography, shelter, Turks, Samodic people, ethno-cultural identity
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