Special Order of Pre-trial Proceedings: Pros and Cons of the Draft Federal Law “On Amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (Regarding the Introduction of the Special Pre-Trial Procedure)”
In the framework of the Russian criminal justice reform the introduction of the special procedure for pretrial proceedings is proposed. It is assumed that all reports of crimes for which preliminary investigation is not necessary, provided evidence of the process of proof and preliminary investigation as a whole, is shifted to the stage of initiation of criminal case. The limits of proof will be narrowed and circumstances to be proven, will not be completely shown. The proof is supposed to be performed by means of the stage of initiation of criminal case, such measures of procedural compulsion as personal recognizance to appear and attachment. Under the draft law the criminal information is considered a service document that reflects a number of procedural decisions such as initiation of criminal case, the order of jurisdiction, the indictment of the person as a defendant, the recognition of the person a victim, civil plaintiff, plaintiff, the recognition of items of physical evidence, that is taken at the end of the pretrial proceedings and recorded in one procedural document — guilty ruling. The author agrees that the substantive rule, criminalistics facts and criminal procedure law may serve the basis for classification of pre-trial proceedings. Despite her positive attitude towards the proposal of major deformalization of pre-trial procedures the author suggests paying attention to some items of the draft law that may hinder the enforcement of the law and lead to undesirable consequences. The author offers her vision of the new criminal procedure concept.
Key words: pre-trial procedure, classification, record-keeping, proof, reporting the offence, measures of procedural compulsion, investigation, indictment
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, 653Kb. Language: Russian.